Gladue Rights Research Database
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Event - Indian Act Amendment

EventIndian Act Amendment
Sub-EventOliver Act - Section 49a
Date (start)1911-00-00
Date (end)
Date Explanation
Theme(s): Economic - Reserve System
Political - Federal Governance

Region: all

Treaty: all

Cultural group: all

Community: all

School: N/A

Rural or Urban: both
Summary of Event: In 1911, an amendment to the Indian Act, known as the Oliver Act (section 49a), allowed Aboriginal people living on a reserve next to a town of eight thousand or more people to be removed without consent. The act was named after Frank Oliver, the serving superintendent general of Indian Affairs. With this amendment, the federal government granted itself the ability to displace Indigenous people on sought-after land for Euro-Canadian settlement. Both Indigenous groups and government opponents claimed that this was inappropriate and an abuse of power.
Implication of Event: Parliament was aware that the Oliver Act would cause a breach in treaty rights, but proceeded with the amendment. This showed that the Canadian Government was unconcerned with following law that they had set themselves, and that Indigenous peoples rights were low priority compared to Euro-Canadian settler desires.
Scholarly Debate:
Leads: CP, Revised Statutes of Canada, 1906, Vol. 111, p. 2359-69: An Act respecting the Expropriation of Lands (52 Vic, cap. 13, sec. 1: The Expropriation Act), sec. 1.
Additional Notes:
Attached Files:
Filename (original name)Description